- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

The Simple Reason Hedge Funds Are Crowding

- Advertisement -

Much of Novus´work involves calculating the risk of crowded trades for hedge funds and their investors. But why is crowding on the rise? Especially in US equities, the answer is simple: there are less stocks and more hedge fund managers than ever before.

The following chart tracks the number of hedge funds against the number of publicly traded stocks. The hedge fund count is sourced to HFR, while the equities count is the number of stocks in the Wilshire 5000. As of 2016 year-end, it’s a lot less than five thousand.

Source: HFR, Wilshire Associates

Looking at this chart, we see a growth in hedge fund managers while the number of public US companies to invest in declines. This trend, driven by privatization, business closings, and M&A activity has caused a 50% drop in the quantity of public securities since 1997. At the same time, the hedge fund incentive system has caused more and more talented managers to start out on their own. Today, there are three times more hedge funds than twenty years ago.

Charting the number of hedge funds for every stock by year shows a clear trend:

This isn’t exactly apples to apples since we’re only talking US equities, and the hedge fund numbers are global. Still, most hedge funds have a least some presence in the US, the world’s largest equities market. In 2004, there was one hedge fund for every stock. Now, there are 2.3 hedge funds for each publicly traded equity. This movement helps explain the increase in crowding and falling liquidity.

It’s important to remember that hedge funds don’t simply buy every stock in the index. In fact, they all have processes that identify companies most likely to outperform their competitors. This leads to some companies being more concentrated with hedge funds than others.

We looked at the largest two thousand stocks in the Wilshire 5000 Index to gauge HF ownership in the market. Our findings were interesting. Only 134 US equities have fewer than ten HF managers invested, and one—FB—has 237.

Of those we were able to identify through public filings, most US equities have between twenty and fifty hedge fund manager holders. Since HFR tracks many more funds, we believe our number understates the true participation. Only managers over $100M in US equities are required to file Form 13F HR, from which we sourced the data in the above chart.

With this many managers invested in most of the US stocks, it’s no wonder crowding is playing an increasing role in volatility, especially for the few securities in the right tail of the distribution. For more information on crowding, please see the below reports.

Republished with kind permission from Novus: original publication

 

Picture © agsandrew—shutterstock

close

Subscribe to HedgeBrev, HedgeNordic’s weekly newsletter, and never miss the latest news!

Our newsletter is sent once a week, every Friday.

HedgeNordic Editorial Team
HedgeNordic Editorial Team
This article was written, or published, by the HedgeNordic editorial team.

Latest

Most Popular This Week

Request for Proposal

- Advertisement -

Latest Articles

The Spectacular Unspectacular 20th Anniversary

Stockholm (HedgeNordic) – Reaching the 20th anniversary in the often short-lived and fast-paced hedge fund world is quite an achievement. In fact, some activity...

Head of Research Havnen Leaves CARN

Stockholm (HedgeNordic) – Harald Havnen is leaving CARN Capital and his role as Head of Research to join Norway’s largest pension fund advisor Gabler...

Strand to Launch the “Essential”

Stockholm (HedgeNordic) – Former hedge fund manager Eric Strand is launching the fourth fund under his own fund boutique AuAg Fonder after receiving approval...

Back to the Old Home

Stockholm (HedgeNordic) – Carnegie’s previously announced acquisition of Carnegie Fonder has been completed. The acquisition completed under the umbrella of the newly formed Carnegie...

Round Table: ETFs & Asset Management

Stockholm (HedgeNordic) – At a round table discussion that took place in Stockholm on October 17, asset managers and ETF providers discussed and answered...

Nordic Managers Win EuroHedge Nominations

Stockholm (HedgeNordic) – With Intelligence has released the first round of nominations for the EuroHedge Awards 2022, with the list featuring seven Nordic hedge...